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Surface tensions for binary mixtures of Alkyl Levulinate plus Alkanol: Measurement and modeling

Hernández-Sepúlveda, Ariel

Abidi, Raouia

Hichri, Monia

Lafuente, Carlos

International Journal of Thermophysics

2023

The surface tensions of binary mixtures alkyl levulinate (methyl levulinate and ethyl levulinate) + n-alkanols (methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, and 1-butanol) at several temperatures (283.15 K, 298.15 K, and 313.15 K) and at atmospheric pressure were reported. For each binary mixture, the surface tension deviations were obtained and correlated with composition by using the Redlich–Kister polynomial expansion. These surface tension deviations vary from positive values for methanol to negative ones for 1-butanol. Regarding the behavior of surface tension deviation with alkyl levulinate, ethyl levulinate presents higher positive values or less negative ones than methyl levulinate. The computation of the surface tension was obtained with the linear square gradient theory plus the Peng–Robinson–Stryjek–Vera (PRSV-EoS). Phase equilibria for all the mixtures were predicted, because K12=0 was set. Then, the densities of the homogeneous phases were obtained and used in the calculation of the surface tension, which was obtained according to two approaches, i.e., prediction and fitted, and using values constant and correlations for the parameters for both approaches. The predictive approach was not adequate because a high global deviation was obtained (3.97 %), while two adjustable parameters for the mixture in LSGT improved the representation of the variation of experimental surface tension with temperature (deviation = 1.08 %). Therefore, the simplified version of square gradient theory named LSGT guarantees good results of fitting the experimental data.

Alkyl levulinate + alcohol mixtures

Experimental data

Linear square gradient theory

Modeling data

Peng–Robinson equation of state

Ingeniería mecánica

Ciencias físicas

Ciencias químicas