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# A five-field mixed formulation for stationary magnetohydrodynamic flows in porous media

Fecha

2023

Resumen

We introduce and analyze a new mixed variational formulation for a stationary magnetohydrodynamic flows in porous media problem, whose governing equations are given by the steady Brinkman–Forchheimer equations coupled with the Maxwell equations. Besides the velocity, magnetic field and a Lagrange multiplier associated to the divergence-free condition of the magnetic field, a convenient translation of the velocity gradient and the pseudostress tensor are introduced as further unknowns. As a consequence, we obtain a five-field Banach spaces based mixed variational formulation, where the aforementioned variables are the main unknowns of the system. The resulting mixed scheme is then written equivalently as a fixed-point equation, so that the well-known Banach theorem, combined with classical results on nonlinear monotone operators and a sufficiently small data assumption, are applied to prove the unique solvability of the continuous and discrete systems. In particular, the analysis of the discrete scheme requires a quasi-uniformity assumption on mesh. The finite element discretization involves Raviart–Thomas elements of order for the pseudostress tensor, discontinuous piecewise polynomial elements of degree for the velocity and the translation of the velocity gradient, Nédélec elements of degree for the magnetic field and Lagrange elements of degree for the associated Lagrange multiplier. Stability, convergence, and optimal a priori error estimates for the associated Galerkin scheme are obtained. Numerical tests illustrate the theoretical results.